If we can drink sheep milk every morning directly from our fridge, the process that goes from breeding, milking and milk control until it comes to the supermarket and our homes, it is not simple at all. Today in our blog, we want to display all relevant aspects for that milk arrives at our breakfast cup in perfect condition.
- The exploitation will not have symptoms of transmissible to humans through milk contagious diseases
- It must be in good general health, milk should not present disorders that can contaminate milk and, particularly, are not suffering from diseases of the genital tract with discharge, enteritis with diarrhea and fever, or a recognizable inflammation of the udder.
- Animals should not submit any udder wound that may impair the milk.
- In the case of administration of authorized products or substances, periods prescribed for these products or substances will be respected.
Applicable to premises and equipment at its operating requirements:
- Milking equipment and premises where milk is stored, handled or cooled must be located and constructed so that the risk of contamination of milk is controlled.
- Premises for the storage of milk must be protected, clearly separated from premises where animals are housed and have suitable refrigeration equipment.
- Surfaces of equipment that are intended to be in contact with milk (utensils, containers, tanks, etc.) should be well cleaned and if necessary, disinfected and maintained in good conditions. This process requires the use of smooth, washed and non-toxic materials. After using, surfaces must be cleaned and, if necessary, disinfected before reuse it.
Hygiene at milking, collection and transport:
–> Milking must be carried out hygienically, ensuring in particular:
- Before carrying out this operation, the teats, udder and adjacent parts are cleaned.
- Milk from each animal is monitored to detect anomalies and that the milk presenting such anomalies is not allocated for human consumption.
- Milk from animals showing clinical signs of udder disease is not allocated for human consumption except if a veterinarian permits it.
- The identification of animals subjected to medical treatment that could transfer residues of medicinal products to the milk. That milk obtained from those animals before is not allocated to human consumption.
- As we prepare to milk it can only be wet the teats with authorized products by the Competent Authority and it does not produce unacceptable residue levels in the milk.
–> Immediately after milking, milk must be held in a cleaned place designed and equipped to avoid contamination, immediately cooled to a temperature of 8°C in the case of daily collection, or 6°C if collection is not daily.